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Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Pros And Cons Of Ozone Sanitizing Of Wastewater

By Matthew Thompson

Water is a basic amenity that is used in every homestead. Water-related diseases like cholera, typhoid, diarrhea, and other infections are common to people who use untreated water. Therefore, it is the sole duty of local governments to ensure they have put in place water treatment plants. There are different ways of water purification, but the common method is the use of chlorine. However, this process is time-consuming, and water distribution companies are now using ozone sanitizing method to hasten the treatment process.

When using the ozone gas as a cleaning agent, there are less byproduct as compared to chlorination process. Water is put at risk by chemical byproducts that are produced during the treatment. Like the ultraviolet purification method, it does not leave unpleasant chemical tastes in the water. The clean water can be consumed without the smell that is experienced in chlorine treated water.

Use of ozone as a water treatment has no residual deposits that affect the surrounding environment. It also diffuses in a short time when released in water giving no chances of any damage to the air. Its efficiency in the treatment process has brought energy saving costs down that are accumulated when steaming water to make it safe for drinking.

The sewage treatment plants have the mandate to ensure that clean water is distributed to the residents in a region under their area of operation. Chlorine has to be given enough time to clean water, and this can go up to days. However, by using ozone sanitizers, you only need a few minutes of pumping it in water, and after a short while, it is ready for use due to its fast action mode in killing germs.

To meet the ever rising demand of water users in a region, the state agencies have to be aggressive in its treatment to ensure there is no water shortage. Use of ozone sanitizers is easy and fast bearing in mind that you only have to pump the gas into water storage facility with a generator and wait for few minutes before releasing the treated water. Other cleaning agents take days, and this can cause an outcry from the people in a region.

Low dose amounts of these water treatment method cannot eradicate some germs in the water especially germs that usually form cysts. This demands input of high doses during the process and can be difficult and expensive for most of its users. Moreover, this gas breaks down rapidly, and it decays faster in high temperatures. It is considerably expensive to use it in treating wastewater that has high levels of organic compounds and suspended solids.

This cleaning sanitizing agent has been proven to be reactive to most of metals that are used in construction of treatment containers. The best metal to use in such situations is the stainless steel, and this is sold expensively when compared to other metals. This is a hitch to water cleaning firms and forces them to continue using chlorine despite its slow working nature.

Direct contact of the gas with human beings is reactive and harmful. The operators use gas masks and oxygen tanks when administering the water treatment to ensure they do not get into contact with the gas escaping out of the water. This increases the expenditure incurred during the wastewater treatment process making it a costly project that cannot be afforded by small water distribution firms.

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